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Ellora Caves

Heritage Tourism
Ellora Caves - Aurangabad, Maharashtra
Ellora CavesEllora Caves

Place : Aurangabad, Maharashtra
Significance : World Heritage Site by UNESCO
Best Season : The best season to visit these caves is from October to March, the season extends throughout the year.
Timings : From 9 AM to 5:30 PM / at sunset whichever is earlier and Closed on Mondays and National holidays.

Ellora is an archaeological site and Historical monuments in India, located 30 km from the city of Aurangabad in Maharashtra, India. It is built by the Rashtrakuta rulers. Ellora is a World Heritage Site which is Well-known for its monumental caves. Ellora represents the epitome of Deccan rock-cut architecture. The 34 caves were well built between the 5th century and 10th century. The 12 Buddhist (caves 112), 17 Hindu (caves 1329) and 5 Jain (caves 3034) caves, built in proximity which shows the religious harmony build during this period of Indian history.

Ellora caves known as Verul a tiny mountain village in earlier days, which has 34 rocks cut temples, and it is believed that these caves were there since 400 years. Ellora caves are spread over 2kilo meters and represents 3 faiths Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism.

Ellora caves are numbered from south to north, 20 caves were recently discovered which are dedicated to lord shiva.

Cave 16 which is also known as the kailasa or the Kailasanatha is the centerpiece of Ellora caves. Initially the temple was covered with white plaster to increase the similarity to snow covered Mount Kailash which is dedicated to Lord Shiva.

This project was started by Krishna I of the Rashtrakuta dynasty which ruled from Manyakheta located in Karnataka state. Being a south Indian style temple does not have any shikhara which is common to north Indian Temples. These caves are carved more than one level, the construction of this cave was a feat of human genius it entailed removal of 200,000 tonnes of rock, and took 100 years to complete.