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Himalayas

Eco Tourism
 
Himalayas
The Himalayas are one of the longest and highest mountains of world. The height and width of these mountains ranges from 1,500 miles and 250 miles respectively. The Himalayan ranges are spread into some parts of Nepal and Bhutan, south Tibet, and to the north of India sub continent. Himalayas are sub-divided into three main zones; they are Greater Himalayas, Lesser Himalayas, and Outer Himalayas. These snow hills are home to many endangered species. The Karakoram Range of Himalayas is dotted with 96 of the world's 109 peaks in the range of 24,000 feet. The world's highest peak, Mount Everest with a height of 29,141 feet, is situated in Himalayan Mountains.

Vegetation of Himalayas:

The Himalayan mountain region comprises a great variety of flora and fauna. The foothill of Himalayas, Terai, is covered with large vegetation of tropical forests, includes Sal, Teak and Shisham. At greater heights of the hill ranges there are variety of Chir (Pine), Oak, Deodar, Fir, Rhododendron, Birch and Juniper. The vegetation of Himalayas also includes the herbs, having Medicinal properties.

Wildlife of Himalayas:

Himalayas are natural habitat to large variety of wildlife species. Deforestation caused major problems for survival of wildlife in these mountains. So, some parts of these hills of Himalayas are declared as National Park and sanctuaries for the protection of wildlife resource in the Himalayan region, they are Corbett National Park of Uttaranchal, The Great Himalayan National Park of Himachal Pradesh, Namdapha National Park of Arunachal Pradesh, plus The Royal Chitwan Park of Nepal. The snow ranges of Himalayas are ideal for trekking, camping, mountaineering and skiing, etc. Himalayas houses Tigers, Elephants, Deer, Gaur, Sambar, Wild Boar, Crocodiles, Snow Leopard, and Blue Sheep, jungle cat, lynx, Pallas, red panda, brown bear, Tibetan blue bear and rarely seen Musk Deer etc.